One of the most common types of personal injuries are fractures of the bone skeleton. Most of them stem from sports and road accidents, while it may be due to domestic violence.
The patient by the time he arrives at the hospital, will be examined by doctors of various specialties including Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon - i.e. a specialty of medicine and dentistry that has trained and specialized to treat injuries of the mouth, jaws and face overall for five years in hospitals.
Specialization includes circular training to other main specialties like pathology, general surgery, anesthesiology, ENT, plastic surgery, emergency medicine, etc. After completing this demanding educational program, the surgeon is ready to face incidents of all types of his specialty that require emergency treatment for diseases of the teeth, mouth, jaws and facial structures.
In cases of complex or extensive facial fractures, multiple incisions may be required to uncover subsidiary parts. That is necessary to combine techniques of placing osteosynthetic materials (plates / screws titanium).
The technique of reduction and immobilization depends on the complexity and severity of the fracture.
In the case of fracture in the upper or lower jaw, for instance, metal clamps may be placed up and down between the teeth and link elastically. Thus, the upper jaw is immobilized at the lower jaw or plates / screws may placed to achieve immobilization of fractures letting the jaws free.
Often, patients who have facial trauma have other health problems that complicate the treatment plan and recovery.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have the necessary training to handle the patient and cooperate with other medical specialties if that is required.
During recovery and when the upper jaw is immobilized, oral and maxillofacial surgeon, suggests full of fluids' diet which contribute to patient's wellbeing despite any weakness caused from mastication.
After they are discharged from the hospital, patients are advised to continue treatment and oral / facial care at home. The patient is observed at regular intervals until the end of recovery.